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Welcome to the Iberian Section of the E.R.A.
We would like to thank the officers of the former Iberian Railway Group for their assistance in creating this new section.
In the public area of the website we have provided a permanent home for the Group's excellent magazine archive to allow former members of the Iberian Group to continue to access it.
We plan to add a lot more content to the Iberian section over time and this new content will be in the new Iberian section within our member's area.
Naturally, we hope that those with an interest in Iberian Railways will join the ERA !
AVE class 102 high Speed Train
Our heading picture is of the AVE Class 102 High Speed Train operated by RENFE
running between Tarragona and Madrid on 5th January 2007. Photo by courtesy of Fototrenes

Spain
Rail transport in Spain started in 1848 with a line between Barcelona and Mataró and in 1851 a line between Madrid and Aranjuez was opened.
In 1863 a line was built down to the Portuguese Border and in 1864 the railway reached the French border from Madrid.
Since the early days, expansion was progressive however standardisation was not a priority and there are now four different gauges and diverse rail services are operated by various public and private operators.
The gauges in use are Broad or "Iberian Gauge" (1668mm ), standard gauge, 1250km of Metre Gauge and a lesser amount of 750mm Gauge.
The Spanish government is linking all the provincial capitals with high-speed rail. When this network is complete in the early 2020s there will be an estimated 9000 km of high-speed line.
Portugal
Rail transport in Portugal became a reality on 28th October 1856, when Portugal's first railway line was opened between Lisbon and Carregado.
The network was gradually expanded both south of the river Tagus and to the north of the country, as well as in the metropolitan areas of Lisbon and Oporto and on to Spain.
1887 was an important year as the Douro Railway line was completed which linked Portugal with Spain and the Sud Express began to operate between the South of France and Lisbon.
Today there are 2,786km of railway line in Portugal consisting of 2,603km of Broad "Iberian Gauge" ( 1668mm ) of which 1351km is electrified. There is also 183km of metre gauge rail.

Correo - Journal of the Iberian Railway Society
This is the complete archive of the 40 editions of Correo from Summer 2006 until Spring 2016; click to download.